What & Where the virus came from?
Coronavirus is a large group of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Coronaviruses can be transmitted between animals and humans (zoonotic). Some investigations found the main animals to transmit these symptoms were the Arabian camels and civet cats (treated as a delicacy in Asian Countries). It’s believed the new virus started in a “wet market” in Wuhan, China, where, like many other markets in Asia, farmed and exotic animals are tied up or stacked in cages.
Signs and Symptoms:
Common signs of the coronavirus infection can include fever, cough and difficulty breathing — very similar to a cold or flu. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure and even death. People most at risk of this include adults aged 60+ and people with severe chronic medical conditions like heart, lung or kidney disease. If you develop symptoms, contact public health authorities.
Methods of Prevention:
Some Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking animal products. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing. If your sick its a great idea to stay at home.
Do Masks Help?
Surgical mask are not certified or designed to prevent the inhalation of small airborne particles. These contaminants can still get transmitted through the eyes and ears, they also do not seal tightly against the users face. Depending on the type of material they are made from will vary the ability to filter small particles.
Surgical masks also protect other people against infection from the person wearing the surgical mask. Such masks trap large particles of body fluids that may contain bacteria or viruses expelled by the wearer.
How COVID-19 Spreads
The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person.
- Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
- Through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
These droplets can land in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby or possibly be inhaled into the lungs.
There may also be a slight chance of catching the disease through some sufaces that already have the bacteria on them and toughing your mouth, nose or ears afterwards. A recent study has found that the virus can survive on hard surfaces such as plastic and stainless steel for up to 72 hours and on cardboard for up to 24 hours. (Make sure to wash your hand and the equipment before and after handling with ammonia or alcohol-based products.)
Who will it effect most?
Most people who are not elderly and do not have underlying health conditions will not become critically ill from Covid-19. But the illness still has a higher chance of leading to serious respiratory symptoms than seasonal flu and there are other at-risk groups – health workers, for instance, are more vulnerable because they are likely to have higher exposure to the virus. The actions that young, healthy people take, including reporting symptoms and following quarantine instructions, will have an important role in protecting the most vulnerable in society and in shaping the overall trajectory of the outbreak